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There are 3 types of Artificial Insemination techniques:

1. Vaginal - inserting 'unwashed' sperm directly into the vagina using a syringe or similar

2. (ICI) intracervical insemination - using a catheter or similar to place the 'washed' sperm directly into the cervix

3. (IUI) intrauterine insemination - using a catheter or similar to place the 'washed' sperm directly into the uterus

IUI or ICI should be done by a medical professional, since they introduce substances into the cervix and uterus which could lead to infection if not done in a sterile environment.

'Washed' sperm means the sperm is separated from the semen and is not required for home insemination.

'Unwashed' sperm should never be inserted directly into the cervix or uterus and therefore you should not attach any other instruments or devices such as a catheter to the syringe to insert the sperm at home.

Fresh sperm is recommended either by your husband, partner or donor.  If you have chosen to purchase frozen sperm using home insemination, defrost it using the 'fast-thaw' method in a bowl of hot water.  The best method is to put the frozen sample or straw in a bowl of water which is 98º fahrenheit or 37º celsius for 30 seconds and then inseminate immediately.

Before you purchase a kit, you should have started monitoring your menstrual cycle and have a rough idea when you ovulate.

Ovulation occurs approximately 14 days after your period if your period cycle is 28 days long.  More detailed information is provided with every kit or you can email your questions to insemhelp@aol.co.uk.

For information and resources on all stages of pregnancy from very early pregnancy signs and fertility to day by day pregnancy through post partum please visit www.stages-in-pregnancy.com.

Intesting article from a journal:

Randomized controlled trial of cervical cap with intracervical reservoir versus standard intracervical injection to inseminate cryopreserved donor semen.

University of Bristol Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, St Michael's Hospital, Bristol BS2 8EG, UK.

A prospective controlled study of donor insemination without sperm preparation or ovarian stimulation was performed to compare the use of a cervical cap incorporating an intracervical reservoir with a standard intracervical injection technique to inseminate 0.5 ml cryopreserved semen. Treatments were alternated in successive cycles in each patient after initial randomized selection. A total of 198 patients had 635 treatment cycles (median 3, range 1-7), 309 with reservoir and 326 by standard injection. A total of 56 women became pregnant, 24 (7.8% per cycle) with the reservoir and 32 (9.8% per cycle) by injection. There were no significant differences between the pregnancy rates per cycle overall or cycle-specific cumulative rates calculated using the life-table method. There were no significant differences in age, parity, baseline gonadotrophin measurements, mid-luteal serum progesterone concentrations, frequency of adverse fertility factors in the woman or her partner's cause of infertility between women who conceived and those who failed to conceive. We conclude that use of a cervical reservoir and cap for donor insemination does not offer any advantage over standard intracervical insemination.

PMID: 8671164 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]



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